[PDF] Subjective well-being. The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index. | Semantic Scholar (2024)

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@article{Diener2000SubjectiveWT, title={Subjective well-being. The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index.}, author={Ed Diener}, journal={The American psychologist}, year={2000}, volume={55 1}, pages={ 34-43 }, url={https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:24085298}}
  • Ed Diener
  • Published in American Psychologist 2000
  • Psychology

Representative selection of respondents, naturalistic experience sampling measures, and other methodological refinements are now used to study subjective well-being and could be used to produce national indicators of happiness.

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Factors predicting the subjective well-being of nations.
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Subjective well-being in 55 nations, reported in probability surveys and a large college student sample, was correlated with social, economic, and cultural characteristics of the nations and only individualism persistently correlated with SWB when other predictors were controlled.

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Economic, technological, and sociopolitical changes have been transforming the cultures of advanced industrial societies in profoundly important ways during the past few decades. This ambitious work

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The Relationship between External Events and Affect States in Older People
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Long-term and moderately short-term effects of bereavement and marriage on psychological well-being (PWB) among older people were investigated and the prevalence of six affects, rated in terms of their frequency during the past year, were examined.

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Are wages habit-forming? evidence from micro data
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The affect system has been shaped by the hammer and chisel of adaptation and natural selection such that form follows function. The characteristics of the system thus differ across the nervous system

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Intraindividual variability in affect : Reliability, validity, and personality correlates
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This article gives an overview of previous work on affect variability, discusses the methodological shortcomings of research on affect variability, and presents the results of an empirical study of

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Subjective Well-Being: Three Decades of Progress
    E. DienerE. SuhRichard E. LucasHeidi Smith


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W. Wilson's (1967) review of the area of subjective well-being (SWB) advanced several conclusions regarding those who report high levels of "happiness". A number of his conclusions have been

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Value as a Moderator in Subjective Well‐Being
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We investigated individual differences in the processes of subjective well-being (SWB). There were considerable individual differences in the domain that was most strongly associated with global life

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Events and subjective well-being: only recent events matter.
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It was found that only life events during the previous 3 months influenced life satisfaction and positive and negative affect, and good and bad events co-occur, suggesting an exciting avenue for explorations of the structure of life events.

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    [PDF] Subjective well-being. The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index. | Semantic Scholar (2024)


    What is subjective well-being and happiness? ›

    Subjective well-being (SWB) is the scientific term for happiness and life satisfaction—thinking and feeling that your life is going well, not badly. Scientists rely primarily on self-report surveys to assess the happiness of individuals, but they have validated these scales with other types of measures.

    What are the three components of subjective well-being? ›

    Subjective well-being has three components: life satisfaction (LS), positive affect (PA), and negative affect (NA) (Andrews & Withey, 1976). Individuals are said to have high SWB if they experience LS and frequent PA (e.g., joy, optimism) and infrequent NA (e.g., sadness, anger).

    What is subjective well-being quizlet? ›

    Subjective Well Being (SWB) refers to individuals' cognitive and emotional evaluations of happiness and the overall quality of their current lives.

    Why do scientists refer to happiness as subjective well-being? ›

    Subjective well-being refers to how you feel about your life and is often used as a measure of happiness. The concept emerged in the 1980s and is characterized by frequent positive emotions, infrequent negative emotions, and positive thoughts about life.

    What factors contribute to subjective well-being or happiness? ›

    Various factors influence subjective well-being, including personal relationships, health, work, financial situation, and individual temperament. It is essential to understanding human flourishing and plays a significant role in psychology, sociology, and other fields that study human behavior and happiness.

    How to improve subjective well-being? ›

    We reviewed 20 interventions across 48 meta-analyses and systematic reviews, and found that practising mindfulness meditation, following the Best Possible Self intervention, and compassion interventions are among the most promising ways to increase subjective wellbeing (SWB).

    What are the six psychological components of subjective well-being? ›

    The Ryff Scale is based on six factors: autonomy, environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relations with others, purpose in life, and self-acceptance. Higher total scores indicate higher psychological well-being.

    What do psychologists call happiness? ›

    In order to describe happiness, psychologists commonly refer to subjective wellbeing (Kesebir & Diener, 2008). In other words, happiness is “people's evaluations of their lives and encompasses both cognitive judgments of satisfaction and affective appraisals of moods and emotions” (Kesebir & Diener, 2008, p.

    What is the theoretical framework of subjective well-being? ›

    Life circ*mstance theories propose that your subjective well-being is mainly the result of the number of positive and negative events and circ*mstances in your life — both day-to-day life experiences and favorable or unfavorable demographic factors such as socioeconomic status, education, and physical health.

    What is another term for subjective well-being? ›

    Happiness: Also known as “life satisfaction” and “subjective well-being”.

    What best describes subjective well-being? ›

    Subjective well-being (SWB) refers to how people experience and evaluate their lives and specific domains and activities in their lives.

    Is subjective well-being the same as psychological well-being? ›

    Subjective well-being refers to the balance between positive and negative affect and judgments about life satisfaction, while psychological well-being includes factors like positive relations, autonomy, and personal growth.

    What are the three types of subjective well-being? ›

    Components of SWB relating to affect include positive affect (experiencing pleasant emotions and moods) and low negative affect (experiencing unpleasant, distressing emotions and moods), as well as "overall affect" or "hedonic balance", defined as the overall equilibrium between positive and negative affect, and ...

    What are the four types of happiness? ›

    Let's go way back and borrow some philosophy from Aristotle. The Greek philosopher, who made significant contributions to many areas of human knowledge, laid out four levels of happiness: Laetus, felix, beatitudo and sublime beatitudo.

    How to improve your happiness? ›

    Some strategies for increasing happiness in your life:

    Count your blessings and practice gratitude. Take time to engage in random acts of kindness. Respond actively and constructively, celebrating when others share good news with you. Attend to others mindfully, and practice compassion and empathy.

    What does it mean when happiness is subjective? ›

    Happiness is simply a state of mind, an emotional state of wellbeing. It is represented by a range or a combination of emotions such as joy, contentment, gratitude, and love. Happiness exists within the mind. That is the first clue - it is subjective because it's in the individual's mind.

    What is the concept of wellbeing of happiness? ›

    Well-being has been defined as the combination of feeling good and functioning well; the experience of positive emotions such as happiness and contentment as well as the development of one's potential, having some control over one's life, having a sense of purpose, and experiencing positive relationships [23].

    What is hedonic happiness and subjective well-being? ›

    Happiness is a subjective concept, so it is often better to use the term well-being. Hedonic happiness is a philosophical belief that pursuing pleasurable experiences, and avoiding painful ones will lead to happiness. This idea was first proposed by Aristippus.

    What is subjective well-being and eudaimonia? ›

    Current research on well-being has been derived from two general perspectives: the hedonic approach, which focuses on happiness and defines well-being in terms of pleasure attainment and pain avoidance; and the eudaimonic approach, which focuses on meaning and self-realization and defines well-being in terms of the ...

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